Why Are Tannins Added To Wine?

Here at Vintage Wine Bar and Bistro, we know that all wine is created differently. Our restaurant in Farmingdale has a wide array of specialty wines with many sweet and dry blends to choose from. But what causes the difference between these wines, and why does it vary so severely?

First, it's important to understand just what a tannin is. In short, a tannin is a group of chemical compounds that reside in plants/fruits and are described as bitter or intense. These compounds, scientifically known as polyphenols, are in place as a deterrent for anyone trying to consume the seeds or fruit of the tannin before it's ripe. The younger the fruit or wine, the stronger the punch. It gives the consumer a mouth coating feeling of dryness as it binds itself to your saliva, one that is easily distinguishable for red wine drinkers. Some familiar sources of tannins include rhubarb, cranberries, and cacao. But for wine, there are two far more popular options, which are  grape skins and wood. Vintage Wine Bar and Bistro, the restaurant in Farmingdale offers many different wines but also has a wide variety of different foods to pair together.  

When making red wine, the grapes are added to bring its signature dark coloring. The skin makes the wine red and is a direct consequence is the pressing the stems, seeds, and skin not included in white wine. This releases the tannins into the mixture. Since red wines are fermented for long periods, the tannins have even more time to leech into the wine and create a stronger effect. Additionally, tannins can be absorbed into wine during its time inside of barrels. Wooden barrels leak their tannins into the mixture inside, which can be a highly sought after taste. Many wineries use oak barrels to get a signature vanilla flavor, or even forego the barrels entirely with oak chips or tannin powder as a substitute.


Our restaurant in Farmingdale has a wide selection of red wines to choose from, including those both high and low in tannins. Try one of our high-tannin cabernet sauvignons for that bitter kick, or go smooth with our low-tannin Pinot-Noir selections. If you want to try a few different wines to get a feel for tannins, join us in Farmingdale for our weekly events! Call us today and make a reservation.

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